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Sustained and stable development

with the promotion of all parties, it can be predicted that the "Eleventh Five Year Plan" will be a historical opportunity period for the sustained and steady development of China's automobile and its parts transportation logistics and a survival challenge period for the improvement and optimization of development

with the continuous improvement of China's economic development level and the continuous strengthening of the opening-up of the automotive industry, China's automotive production and consumption levels have increased significantly in 2006. Accordingly, automotive logistics has also developed rapidly in the starting year of the "Eleventh Five Year Plan"

current situation of passenger car logistics

1. The competitive character of passenger car logistics market has been formed

with the development of automobile industry and consumer market, China's passenger car logistics service providers have also made great progress. At present, the average transportation distance of passenger cars in China is about 1200km, and the main modes include highway, railway and waterway. The competitive situation of various transportation modes has basically taken shape. The market share of the three transportation modes is shown in Figure 1

from Figure 1, it can be seen that the proportion of railway and waterway transportation is similar and the number is small, while road transportation, with its early entry into the automobile logistics market and its "door-to-door" flexibility, occupies most of the market share of the automobile transportation market, and is the main body of China's passenger vehicle transportation logistics market at present. Huge market opportunities have led to the rapid rise of some automobile logistics enterprises, such as Shanghai Anji Tiandi logistics, Beijing Changjiu logistics, Chongqing Chang'an Minsheng logistics, CITIC logistics and other managed automobile logistics enterprises that provide professional services for manufacturers, which have occupied half of China's automobile logistics industry. In this development process, the localization trend of highway transportation enterprises is more obvious. A large number of highway automobile logistics enterprises have been born around some large automobile manufacturing enterprises, which will further intensify the competition in the automobile logistics market

2. The characteristics of automobile logistics service demand elements are obvious.

with the fierce market competition, the attention of manufacturers to logistics service elements has also changed in a variety of ways. To this end, we have also released a signal to cooperate with the China Federation of logistics and procurement to conduct a special investigation. At present, transportation cost is the most concerned transportation service factor of all manufacturers, and 56% of the surveyed enterprises put it in the position of preferred service factor; The secondary factors that manufacturers pay more attention to are transportation safety and transportation timeliness, with 13% and 6% respectively. If the task of coal de capacity is completed after 5 years, the surveyed enterprises will list it as the primary factor of concern; Followed by the "door-to-door" degree, flexibility and network coverage, respectively, 6%, 13% and 6% of enterprises choose to list them as the service elements of primary concern; The value-added of services and the calculation cycle of sheet metal corrosion caused by the cost structure are the service elements that manufacturers pay the weakest attention to. No enterprise has listed these two aspects as the first choice of transportation service elements. Figure 2 and figure 3 respectively show the average score of passenger car transportation logistics elements and the distribution of preferred logistics service elements

from the results of this survey, it can be seen that the characteristics of the current demand factors for passenger vehicle transportation logistics services in China are relatively obvious. Manufacturers are most concerned about transportation costs, transportation safety and transportation timeliness. For China's passenger vehicle transportation logistics enterprises seeking a breakthrough in the field of passenger vehicle transportation logistics, these three aspects should be the key to shaping their core competitiveness in the future

in terms of value-added services, as China's passenger car consumption is still in its infancy, the corresponding vehicle logistics demand is also relatively extensive, mainly transportation and a small amount of warehousing, while value-added services are less. This situation will not change significantly in the short term, but some manufacturers include information services in value-added services, calling on logistics service providers to improve their information services and docking capabilities

the main problems existing in the current development of passenger car logistics in China

1. The allocation of various transport capacity resources is not scientific

at present, there is no unified market access system in China's passenger car transport logistics industry, which makes the whole industry have problems such as a large number of enterprises, small scale and poor competitiveness. Most enterprises have not yet formed a comprehensive and effective "go back" transport organization system, and the allocation of various transport capacity resources is not scientific enough. On the one hand, the utilization rate of enterprises' vehicle transportation capacity resources is low. Most domestic vehicle transportation enterprises basically only transport their own vehicles of a brand at this exhibition, and the transportation air return rate is as high as 37%. The car transportation air return rate of third-party logistics enterprises is as high as 39.8%. There are problems of return empty driving, waste of resources, high transportation costs, which seriously restrict the professional development of the vehicle logistics market. On the other hand, the current major passenger vehicle transportation logistics service providers mostly rely on a single mode of transportation, fail to give full play to the advantages of multimodal transportation, and the joint transportation of various modes of transportation develops slowly

2. The order of market competition needs to be further standardized

in the fierce market competition, all passenger car transportation logistics enterprises are more or less faced with many problems such as irregular operation and vicious competition. First, the price competition in transportation and logistics has led to the distortion of the industry price system and hindered the necessary economic and technological accumulation of enterprises; Second, the standards of transportation tools are not standardized, the implementation standards of regional policies are not unified, and the safety of transportation logistics services is difficult to guarantee; Third, the enterprise operation reputation system needs to be improved. Both the logistics supplier and the demander have some nonstandard problems in the performance of the contract, such as delayed payment collection and inadequate transportation capacity guarantee

3. The comprehensive and value-added performance of logistics services is insufficient

at present, the services provided by China's major passenger vehicle transportation logistics enterprises are still mainly concentrated in the transportation link. Some leading enterprises have realized local distribution services, but on the whole, they have not realized the integrated and comprehensive logistics services integrating transportation, warehousing, distribution, information services, etc. for foreign enterprises, such as vehicle cleaning The performance of value-added services such as painting and waxing, customized installation and so on is insufficient

4. The internationalization of passenger car logistics services needs to be strengthened

because China has no unified industry service standards that are compatible with the international market, the connotation of passenger car transportation and logistics services is not well understood, the service quality is uneven, and the service process is not standardized. The vast majority of China's passenger car logistics service providers are limited to the domestic service field and fail to cross the country with the growth of China's automobile foreign trade import and export. The internationalization of passenger car transportation and logistics services needs to be strengthened

analysis of the future development trend of China's automobile logistics

1. The market demand potential is huge

in 2007, China's macro economy is expected to continue to maintain a high growth rate, and the automobile industry will further develop rapidly. The China Automobile Industry Association predicts that the production and sales of automobiles in China will reach 9million in 2010; This is bound to put forward a huge market demand for China's automobile transportation logistics services, including passenger cars

2. The comprehensive transportation and logistics service system will be further improved

the logistics cost of automobile manufacturing enterprises in Europe and the United States accounts for about 8% of sales, while that of Japanese automobile manufacturers can even reach 5%, but the logistics cost of automobile manufacturing enterprises in China is generally more than 15%. Therefore, all manufacturers have shifted the way to improve the profit of vehicle sales to the control of vehicle logistics cost

3. The development prospect of auto parts logistics is broad.

the "Eleventh Five Year Plan" period is the peak period of rapid development of auto parts after the rapid development of domestic finished vehicles. As the core enterprise of the automobile supply chain, vehicle manufacturing enterprises require spare parts manufacturers and suppliers to supply goods according to their production rhythm and production demand, and implement JIT distribution of "direct delivery station" in order to achieve zero inventory. JIT production supply logistics is one of the production logistics forms with the highest technical requirements and the most difficult operation. It requires the manufacturer to store some parts not far from the production line for ready distribution to the production line at any time. At present, domestic manufacturers mostly build their own warehouses in the factory, and few establish distribution centers. Fewer manufacturers can adopt JIT production and supply logistics and outsource operations. With the further fierce market competition and the gradual improvement of the level of transportation logistics service providers, the demand and supply of automobile parts logistics market are expected to develop rapidly and continue to grow in recent years, so as to form a complete system of automobile and its parts transportation logistics integrated service system with Chinese characteristics and in line with China's national conditions

in short, it can be predicted that the "Eleventh Five Year Plan" will be a historical opportunity period for the sustained and steady development of China's automobile and its parts transportation logistics and a survival challenge period for the improvement and optimization of development. (end)

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