Most popular Yantai accelerates the transformation

2022-10-03
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Yantai accelerates the transformation of new and old kinetic energy to boost the transformation and upgrading of apple industry

Abstract: in order to promote green development, Yantai continues to improve the green development system with the intensive cultivation mode of Apple Dwarf Rootstocks as the core, has successively introduced 8 domestic and foreign excellent varieties, more than 100 excellent rootstocks, built 4 national apple seedling breeding bases, 7 municipal high-quality seedling breeding bases, and 15 bases with an annual output of more than 100000 apple seedlings, With an annual breeding of more than 26million apple seedlings, Yantai has been recognized by the Ministry of agriculture as the first batch of regional seed breeding bases (apples)

in recent years, centering on the structural reform of the agricultural supply side, Yantai has taken the construction of modern low rootstock intensive cultivation apple orchards as the starting point, implemented the mechanized and automated modern apple production mode, vigorously promoted the transformation and upgrading of traditional industries, accelerated the transformation of old and new kinetic energy, and achieved remarkable results. So far, the area of Apple Dwarfing and intensive cultivation in the city has reached 130000 mu, with a high-quality fruit rate of more than 85%, driving farmers to save costs and increase efficiency by more than 1billion yuan

to give play to the role of policy guidance and support, Yantai has successively issued a series of documents, such as the "opinions on accelerating the development of apple industry", "Yantai fruit industry revitalization plan", "Yantai apple industry development plan (year)", "Yantai apple industry quality improvement and upgrading opinions", "Yantai seed and seedling industry development plan (year)", and gradually established a perfect apple industry development policy system. At the same time, the municipal finance allocates special funds every year to support the implementation of a number of projects, such as the construction of dwarf rootstock intensive cultivation apple orchard, high-quality apple demonstration base, new varieties and new technologies exhibition garden, so as to drive the overall improvement of industrial development level

in view of the prominent problems existing in the development of apple industry, Yantai has built a scientific and technological innovation support system. Relying on four national fruit engineering technology centers (laboratories), Yantai comprehensive test station of national apple industry technology system, and Yantai apple innovation team, we carried out collaborative innovation, and ranked the leading level in the country in the breeding of new varieties of disease resistant and early maturing apples, the breeding of Rootstocks resistant to ring rot, the detoxification of improved varieties and rootstocks, and the cultivation of seedlings, The Municipal Academy of Agricultural Sciences used "Apple constant high temperature heat treatment combined with secondary shoot tip culture virus-free technology" to detoxify apple varieties and rootstocks, and obtained 11 Apple virus-free varieties and rootstocks such as Yanfu 3, hongjiangjun, m9t337, etc; The selected "Yanfu" and "yanga" are the new apple varieties with the largest promotion area in China. It has won 11 provincial and municipal science and technology progress awards, 3 provincial agriculture, animal husbandry and fishery harvest awards, and 1 national agriculture, animal husbandry and fishery harvest award

in order to promote green development, Yantai continues to improve the green development system with the intensive cultivation mode of Apple Dwarf Rootstocks as the core. It has successively introduced 8 excellent varieties and more than 100 excellent rootstocks at home and abroad, built 4 national apple seedling breeding bases, 7 municipal high-quality seedling breeding bases, 15 bases with an annual output of more than 100000 apple seedlings, and bred more than 26million apple seedlings, Yantai was recognized as the first batch of regional breeding bases (apples) by the Ministry of agriculture. Vigorously promote the dwarf intensive garden construction mode and modern production technology regulations that can not meet the load. 275 dwarf rootstock demonstration gardens have been built, with a total area of 130000 mu. The integration of water and fertilizer has achieved full coverage, and the soil organic matter content of the demonstration base has reached more than 1.5%, effectively improving the yield gap of apple is too greasy and the rate of high-quality fruit. Implement the "double control" project of chemical fertilizers and pesticides, build 600000 mu of "livestock biogas fruit" ecological circular agricultural demonstration orchards, 1.7 million mu of unified pest control area, more than 90% of high-efficiency, low toxicity and low residue pesticides coverage, 30000 mu of biological prevention and control area, 400000 mu of physical prevention and control area, and reduce pesticide consumption by more than 10%

Yantai has built an integrated development industrial system, built the world's first large-scale professional fruit auction market - Qixia fruit Auction Center Co., Ltd., and built Yantai apple, the first vertical e-commerce platform in the domestic apple industry. One hundred million yuan has been invested to support the development of 2329 professional fruit cooperatives, including 6 at the national level, 28 at the provincial level, and 1024 cooperatives with more than 50 members. The cooperative has driven 413000 fruit farmers and 115 After the quality assurance period, 30000 mu, accounting for a quarter of the city's orchards. Continue to increase support for fruit storage and processing enterprises, and more than 1000 fruit storage and processing enterprises have been established in the city, including 48 leading enterprises that separate and stretch samples with a sales revenue of more than 100 million yuan. Build 1384 fruit storage warehouses with a storage capacity of 3.27 million tons, 1044 fruit washing and waxing production lines with an annual processing capacity of 1.22 million tons, 24 fruit juice processing production lines with an annual output of 2.17 million tons, 24 canning plants with an annual output of 87000 tons, 37 processing enterprises such as dried fruit preserves with an annual output of 88000 tons

to build a well-known brand culture system, Yantai has successively issued a series of documents, such as the opinions on promoting the construction of agricultural branding, the management measures for the identification of Yantai famous agricultural products, the strategic planning of Yantai apple brand, and the measures for the use of Yantai apple brand, to fully promote the "Yantai apple" brand and expand its brand influence. "Yantai apple" has won the national geographical indication product protection, national geographical indication certification trademark, China famous trademark and other honors. It is estimated that the brand value of "Yantai apple" reached 12.601 billion yuan in 2016, and it has been the first fruit brand in China for eight consecutive years

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